Le darwinisme de Thomas Hardy : l’homme et la nature dans Tess of the D’Urbervilles

My pessimism – if pessimism it be – does not involve the assumption that the world is going to the dogs… On the contrary, my practical philosophy is distinctly meliorist. What are my books but one plea against « man’s inhumanity to man », woman, and to lower animals ?… Whatever may be the inherent good or evil in life, it is certain that men make it much worse than it need be…[1]   La parution de The Origin of Species en 1859 ouvre un vaste débat dans l’Angleterre victorienne.