SOMMAIRE

Eighteenth-Century Archives of the Body Conference Proceedings of the International Workshop Archives of the Body. Medieval to Early Modern, Cambridge University, 8-9 Sept. 2011

The Eye of the Surgeon: Bodily Images from the Collection of the Royal Academy of Surgery of Paris, 1731–93

Abstract: This article examines the ways in which the human body was represented in eighteenth-century France, using a range of surgical drawings. While trying to enhance the scientific status of pictures of the human body, which endows them with their own epistemological value, these drawings remain rooted in academic artistic conventions as well as in the Christian iconographic tradition.

Devotion and Healing. The sick, miraculously cured, examined Body of Sister Maria Vittoria Centurione in Eighteenth-Century Genoa

Abstract: This research study aims to analyze documentation related to bodies, their definition and management. For this purpose, documents were used from a box entitled "Grazie" (n. 1355) from the Archives of the Diocese of Genoa, in which documents concerning miracles that occurred in the Diocese were kept. The nun Maria Vittoria Centurione of the Carmelite monastery of Saint Teresa was involved in a series of miracles studied by the Genoese ecclesiastical authorities between 1701 and 1705.

The ‘Polite’ Face: The Social Meanings Attached to Facial Appearance in Early Eighteenth-Century Didactic Journals

Abstract: The early eighteenth-century English elite were obsessed with their looks, and this article will examine why. Through analysis of Joseph Addison and Richard Steele’s didactic journals the Tatler, the Spectator and the Guardian, this paper will explore what symbolic meanings and associations were attached to the face in this period and how they informed the ways in which the face was perceived.

Sexing the body. The case of Giacoma Foroni

Abstract: Giacoma Foroni, born near Mantua in 1779, was raised as a girl and believed herself to be one. Her unusual sexual organs were deemed female by different midwives, both at her birth and after puberty. The value of outward appearance, anatomical knowledge, the way to define an individual’s sex, the question of case studies, etc.

An Archive of Sins: Experimenting with the Body and Building a Knowledge of the ‘Low’ in José Ignacio Eyzaguirre’s General Confession (1799-1804)

Abstract: In this paper I will analyze an unpublished document from the late eighteenth century, currently held in Chile’s National Archives. In it, its author, José Ignacio Eyzaguirre, an educated man in his twenties, tries to analyze himself and his actions using confessional discourse. The result is an archive of bodily sins, intended to help Eyzaguirre’s memory in the process of confessing all his bad deeds.